Types of Coffee

Ultimate Guide to Types of Coffee – 28 Types explained

Coffee is one of the most consumed beverages in the world. It’s made up of roasted coffee beans from different species of coffee plants. There are various types of coffee and it’s recipes available globally and it’s very normal to get confused about which is which. We will try to help you and give a brief overview of 28 coffee types we can get our hands-on.

Let’s first see how coffee is converted from beans to cup.On coffee plants, coffee berries are produced, which will be picked up once they are fully ripe. Those coffee berries will then go from a procedure of processing and drying. Once completely dried, they will be roasted on a certain temperature to get the desired flavor. 

Amazing facts about coffee

There are several amazing facts about coffee. Following is a list:

  • It is beneficial for your heart and liver
  • You can consume coffee berries as fruits
  • Which country grows most coffee in the world?
  • It can cost up to $600 a pound
  • It will increase your life span
  • Caffeine can help you in easing your pain
  • It can keep you up at night
  • Taste of coffee depends upon the roasting of beans
  • The goats first discovered it

Coffee is beneficial for your heart and liver

Coffee has the power to keep your liver and heart-healthy for a longer time. It is scientifically proven that people who drink coffee have a lower rate of heart attacks or liver diseases than people who don’t drink coffee. 

Can coffee berries be consumed?

As we have studied above that coffee beans are made up of coffee berries that originate at the coffee plants. If you pluck those berries and don’t let them try to make coffee, you can consume them in the form of fruits. 

Which country grows most coffee in the world?

The international coffee organization has conducted a survey to get an idea about the country that grows most coffee in the world. The results showed that Brazil is that country. Brazil covers around the third portion of the total world’s coffee supply.

How much is costliest coffee worth?

600$/lbs. You must be mesmerized after reading that amount. However, it is a fact. Coffee has many types, and they can vary in prices. The most expensive one costs around $600, and it comes from the feces of an Asian animal who consumes coffee cherries and can’t digest the beans.

It will increase your life span.

Scientific studies have proved that people who drink up to five cups of coffee a day have an increased life span than the people who don’t drink coffee. In addition, they have a lesser chance of being diabetic.

Is Caffeine a painkiller?

Caffeine in coffee is very helpful for easing pain. If you are facing any post-gym muscular pains, drink two cups of coffee to get relief. In addition, people who face neck and shoulder pain by sitting in front of the computer can drink coffee to get relief from it. 

It can keep you up at night.

Most of us have known this fact. However, it is very helpful for people who have to do work at night, or who have to drive at night. Caffeine in coffee can help you to stay fresh all night. 

Effect of roasting on coffee beans.

Coffee beans taste differently due to different roasting temperatures and procedures. The roasting of coffee beans is the only procedure to change the taste. There are different roasting temperatures and methods for producing different kinds of coffee beans.

Was coffee discovered by goats?

Many people believe this myth that goats have discovered the coffee. The story behind it is, a herd of goats keeps their shepherd up all night after their feast at red coffee beans. However, many people think of it just as a myth and don’t believe it. 

Health Benefits of Drinking Coffee

In addition to above-mentioned facts, there are certain health benefits of drinking coffee that includes:

  • Alzheimer’s is a disease that lets people forget about many routine things because it is a kind of memory loss diseases. Scientists have proved that drinking coffee daily will keep people safe from Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Coffee has different anti-oxidants and anti-inflammatory substances that can save a person from cancer. Cancer usually occurs because of inflammation in a certain body part. Coffee will keep you safe from this. 
  • A scientific study has proved that people who regularly drink coffee have a stronger DNA than the ones who don’t drink coffee.
  • Coffee is a great way to reduce stress levels. Many people come back to their lives by overcoming their stress due to coffee. Coffee drinkers have a lesser chance of prone to stress than non-coffee drinkers.
  • People usually believe that regular coffee drinking is not good for your bones. However, it is not true at all. Recent studies have proved that you can get stronger bones if you drink coffee daily. 

The Ultimate guide to coffee types

Coffee has different types and different recipes for making it. We will cover them all in this topic.

1.Espresso

Espresso coffee has an Italian origin. You just need a small amount of boiling water and pour it onto finely ground coffee beans to make a cup of Espresso. You must be thinking, is it that simple? To be honest, it’s not that simple. You must get a good brew to taste the perfect Espresso. One can make it from different types of coffee beans. The difference between it and other types of coffee is, it has a slightly thicker texture. A foam-like texture is always on the top of an Espresso cup. 

Coffee beans

2.Americano

Americano is a more diluted and extended form of an Espresso coffee. It means you can add water into a cup of Espresso to dilute its consistency, and make it more runny and watery. The strength of a cup of Americano may vary according to your choice. It means you can add more quantity of Espresso to make it stronger according to your choice. Due to a diluted consistency, it tastes different from the traditionally brewed Espresso. 

3.Breve

It is an American form of the traditional Latte coffee. An Italian latte is pure milk-based, while the Breve is more diluted but, at the same time, fluffier than the traditional latte. It is made using half-and-half rather than the traditional milk. You can make it by boiling the half-and-half for a few minutes, and let it sit for a few minutes. Add a little quantity of Espresso in the cup, and then pour onto the half-and-half. At the top, add the froth to give it a pure Breve look.

4.Macchiato

It is an Italian word, which means marked or stained. It is named Macchiato due to the recipe for making it. A half of a cup of Espresso has given a shot of milk to make Macchiato. At the top of the Macchiato cup, add the foam to give it a perfect and complete look. It is in between the Espresso and Cappuccino. People who don’t like traditional black coffee, and don’t want to add more milk too, can try Macchiato. It will be a perfect cup of coffee for those people. 

5.Cortado

Are you the person who doesn’t like frothy coffee? In addition, you want a coffee with milk in it. If so, then go for a cup of Cortado. Cortado is made up of finely ground coffee beans that are diluted to make Espresso. You can add a little quantity of Espresso in a cup, and add on the warm milk over it to make a cup of Cortado. Always remember, don’t boil the milk because boiled milk will make froth over the top of your cup of coffee. 

6.Cappuccino

Cappuccino is very common, and one of the most liked coffee in the whole world. It has a creamy texture with a milky and creamy flavor. It has an Italian origin. A cup of Cappuccino is made up of milk, coffee beans, cream, and chocolate. However, you can skip the cream and chocolate and add cinnamon to it too. A cup of boiled milk in pour onto the creamy coffee beans mixture to make it frothy. At the top, you can add cream and chocolate shavings or cinnamon to make it creamy and tastier.

cappuccino

7.Flat White

Flat white coffee has named flat white due to a thin layer of white foam on the top. It has an espresso base. Pour some shots of Espresso in a cup according to your taste. It means you can make it stronger or lighter according to your choice. On the other hand, boil a cup of milk, and pour it onto the espresso mixture. In the end, add the white foam layer to do them justice with its name. It is a very good choice for people who like strong coffee but with added milk. 

8.Cafe Latte

Latte has an Italian origin. In the Italian language, cafe latte means coffee and milk. Therefore, just as its name, it is made up of fine ground coffee beans, and milk. Mix the coffee beans and hot water and give them a good brew. After that, add the milk in it to make a perfect cup of coffee Latte. On the top, you can add milk foam to give it a perfect look of milk-made coffee.

You can also level up your cup of latte by flavouring it up with various options covered in this ultimate guide to Cafe Latte flavors.

9.Mocha

Mocha’s name has originated from the city of Mocha in Yemen. As Yemen was one of the earliest traders of the coffee, so, mocha is one of the earliest forms of coffee. It is not like other coffee recipes. Rather, it is made up of coffee beans, hot water, milk, and chocolate. Firstly, brew coffee beans with hot water then add into the chocolate flavor and sugar. In the end, add the steamed milk and add the milk froth on the top. It is a perfect treat for chocolate lovers. 

Mocha Latte

10.Filter Coffee

Filter coffee is the coffee that we drink from coffee makers that make fresh coffee. Freshly ground coffee beans are roasted and then grounded to make a perfect cup of coffee out of it. It is different from regular coffee in a way that a regular cup of coffee is made up of coffee beans powder that instantly dissolves into the water. Whereas, filter coffee has grounded coffee beans that need more filtration while making. It has a more strong and more fresh flavor than a regular cup of coffee. 

11.Affogato

Affogato has an Italian origin. It is more likely to be a dessert than coffee. However, people who love coffee and desserts, crave for Affogato. It is made of a scoop of ice cream of your choice but mostly a scoop of vanilla ice cream and a few shots of Espresso over it. You can make it stronger by adding onto more espresso shots. It is one of the perfect desserts for coffee lovers. 

12.Ristretto

If you love to drink a strong cup of coffee, even stronger than Espresso, then Resitretto is the best choice for you. Ristretto is a more concentrated form of Espresso. It has a stronger and bolder flavor than espresso coffee. However, due to add-in sugar, it is less bitter in taste than other types of coffee.

13.Iced Coffee

Iced coffee is not a simple coffee with iced milk or ice cubes. Rather, a coffee, which is coldly brewed to give it a stronger and enhanced flavor. You can feel the difference in taste between a coldly brewed coffee, and a coffee that is brewed hot and then adds into ice cubes of iced milk. A very small quantity of milk is added into the iced coffee. In addition, you can add the cream on the top if you want. 

14.Long black

A long black is a type of coffee that is very common in countries like America and New Zealand. People drink it to cater to the harshness of weather as it has a very intense and strong flavor. You can make a cup of long black coffee by adding two or more than two shots of Ristretto in a cup, and then add into the hot water to make a perfect cup of long black coffee. 

15.Irish coffee

Irish coffee is more like a cocktail due to several ingredients in it. People make Irish coffee using coffee beans, hot water, Irish whiskey, cream, and sugar. Firstly, brew the coffee beans with hot water to make a perfect coffee mixture. After that, add in the Irish whiskey and sugar. You can top it with cream to enhance the flavor or to give the coffee cup a more pleasant look. 

16.Vienna

Vienna coffee, as the name suggests, has an origin from Vienna. It is a heavy coffee beverage due to a huge quantity of cream in it. People or restaurants make it using two or three shots of Espresso, depending on the flavor of the person who will drink it, and then add into the cream. The amazing factor is, they keep on adding the cream until the cup is full. You can say, they use cream instead of milk to make a pure Vienna coffee.

17.Dalgona

Dalgona coffee is gaining popularity in many countries with every passing year due to its strong taste. It is made using instant coffee powder, hot water, and milk. The first step is time taking and crucial. You have to mix the coffee powder and hot water in equal portions and keep on mixing it until it turns into a light golden creamy texture. After that, add to the hot milk. You can top the cup with some coffee paste that you have prepared before and some coffee powder. 

18.Instant

Instant coffee has the lightest flavor in the whole family of coffee beans. It is made of coffee beans or coffee powder that is already brewed. People mix hot water or hot milk with these coffee beans or coffee powder to make a cup of coffee. You can add sugar if you want. However, it is the best choice for people who don’t want to drink strong coffee.

19.Arabica

Arabica coffee, as the name says, has an Arabian origin. It is very famous because it is the first cultivated coffee specie. It has other names too, like, a coffee shrub of Arabia or mountain coffee. In addition, the reason for its being famous is Starbucks. Starbucks only purchase Arabica coffee beans to make the pure and most delicious Starbucks coffee. It has an extremely strong and natural coffee flavor.

20.Robusta

A coffee plant named as Canephora is the main origin of Robusta coffee. It has an origin from Africa. It is very high in bitterness and low in acidity. In comparison with coffee Arabica, Robusta has a more bitter and harsh flavor. A typically strong cup of Espresso usually uses Robusta. You can make a cup of Robusta coffee by brewing the Robusta beans with hot water. 

21.Liberica

Liberica coffee, as the name suggests, has an origin from Liberia, West Africa. It has a tree-like coffee plant, which produces very large coffee beans. The coffee beans of Liberica coffee are larger than the other coffee beans. Unlike other coffee beans taste, it has more like the taste of wood with a little bitter flavor.

22.Bourbon

Bourbon coffee is a cultivator of Arabica coffee. It is very famous due to its chocolaty flavor. Bourbon coffee doesn’t need any creams or milk to give it a smooth texture. Rather, it is naturally smooth and tasty. The most amazing thing about a Bourbon coffee is, it has a little sweet flavor with add-in bitterness of coffee. 

23.Geisha

Geisha coffee has an origin from Ethiopia. It has a very strong and pleasant coffee fragrance. It was not famous before a few years. However, due to its stronger taste, people are now demanding it in the different regions of the world. It can be made with water or milk.

24.Galao

Galao has an origin from Portugal. You can make it using an espresso coffee mixture and layered it with the foam of milk. However, a perfect Galao is made by combining the Espresso and milk and then adding the layer of foam on the top of it. Its serving is also different from the traditional cup of coffee, and it is served in a long glass.

25.Egg coffee

Egg coffee has a Vietnam origin. It is more like a cocktail than a regular coffee drink. It is made up of egg yolks, milk, sugar, Robusta coffee, and condensed milk. For its making, you will need to mix the egg yolks with grounded coffee, add sugar, then add it in a cup of hot black coffee.

26.Turkish coffee

Turkish coffee, as the name says, has an origin from Turkey. A special metal pot is designed for its making. For making it, you will add its coffee beans, water, and sugar into the pot. After that, you will put in onto the stovetop and bring it to the boil on medium heat. After boiling, it will have a foamy texture on top. 

27.Chai latte coffee

Chai latte is an extended version of latte coffee. It is made up of latte coffee beans, hot water, steamed milk, and spiced tea. Combine the coffee beans with water and add into the steamed milk, and spiced tea to make the perfect chai latte. It is very famous in Asia.

28.Bulletproof coffee

People usually drink bulletproof coffee as a substitute for breakfast. It is rich in calories. It has oil and butter in it. You can make it by combining these ingredients with a cup of the coffee mixture.

Final Thought

There are tons of different coffee drinks recipes that you can enjoy. We tried to cover most popular of them and in the upcoming articles will address the remaining as well.

Hope you enjoyed reading 🙂

About the author

Osama

My name is Osama, and I'm a self proclaimed coffee connoisseur :)

This website is all about my love for coffee and tea and the experiences I had enjoying it in different forms.

I hope you’ll enjoy my content at least as much as I enjoy writing them for you.

Keep sharing happiness and smile whenever you can :)

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